The Tehran Conference was a meeting held between the leaders of the Allied powers during World War II. The conference took place from November 28 to December 1, 1943, in Tehran, Iran. The three leaders who attended the conference were Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, and Winston Churchill of Great Britain. The Tehran Conference was a crucial event in World War II because it marked the first time the leaders of the Allied powers met face to face to discuss the ongoing war and the post-war settlement.
So, what agreements were reached at the Tehran Conference?
One significant agreement reached at the conference was the decision to open a second front in Western Europe to relieve the pressure on the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union had been fighting the Germans on the Eastern Front for two years and had been urging the Western Allies to open a second front since 1942. Stalin pressed Roosevelt and Churchill on this issue, and they eventually agreed to launch an invasion of France in the spring of 1944, which became known as D-Day.
Another important agreement reached at the Tehran Conference was the future partitioning of Germany into occupation zones. The leaders agreed that Germany would be divided into four zones of occupation, each under the control of one of the Allied powers: the USA, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and France. Additionally, they agreed to seek the unconditional surrender of Germany, Italy, and Japan and to prosecute war criminals after the war.
There were other agreements reached at the conference, including the establishment of a United Nations organization to prevent future wars and the recognition of the Soviet Union`s territorial claims in Eastern Europe. However, these agreements were less significant than the decisions on the opening of the second front and the partitioning of Germany.
In summary, the Tehran Conference was a crucial meeting between the leaders of the Allied powers during World War II. The agreements reached at the conference included the opening of a second front in Western Europe, the partitioning of Germany into occupation zones, the establishment of a United Nations organization, and the recognition of the Soviet Union`s territorial claims in Eastern Europe. These agreements were significant in shaping the outcome of the war and the post-war world.